PS

Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic polymer made from monomers of the aromatic hydrocarbon styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General-purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and brittle.

Polystyrene (PS/ˌpɒliˈstrn/ is a synthetic polymer made from monomers of the aromatic hydrocarbon styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General-purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and brittle. It is an inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, with the scale of its production being several million tons per year. Polystyrene is naturally transparent but can be colored with colorants. Uses include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and in the jewel cases used for storage of optical discs such as CDs and occasionally DVDs), containers, lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, disposable cutlery, in the making of models, and as an alternative material for phonograph records.

95% of polystyrene is composed of air. Most polystyrene foams are incorporated and foamed with carbon dioxide. It is a polymer of the liquid monomer, styrene. They are excellent insulators and are lightweight, making their popular function as take out box packages. other than that, PS is also used in surfboards, car parts and stabilization systems.

The brittle and flammable property of Styrofoam is reduced by adding 5–10% butadiene rubber. So far, all styrene products are deemed safe.

AKA “The foamy one”

HISTORY

Polystyrene was discovered in 1839 by Eduard Simon, an apothecary from Berlin. From storax, the resin of the Oriental sweetgum tree Liquidambar orientalis, he distilled an oily substance, that he named styrol, now called styrene. Several days later, Simon found that it had thickened into a jelly, now known to have been a polymer, that he dubbed styrol oxide (“Styroloxyd”) because he presumed that it had resulted from oxidation (styrene oxide is a distinct compound).

 

SAFETY

Based on scientific tests over five decades, government safety agencies have determined that polystyrene is safe for use in foodservice products. For example, polystyrene meets the stringent standards of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the European Commission/European Food Safety Authority for use in packaging to store and serve food. The Hong Kong Food and Environmental Hygiene Department recently reviewed the safety of serving various foods in polystyrene foodservice products and reached the same conclusion as the U.S. FDA.

 

Credits: Polystyrene – Wikipedia and Get to Know the 7 Types of Plastic- Plastics 101 | by The Physics Society | Medium 

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